The RBAEF project consists of two components—1) an analysis of technology and economics; and 2) an assessment of environmental consequences and policy options—and is comprised of seven tasks:
1) Biomass production
2) Biomass power
Analysis of advanced biomass-to-electricity technologies,
especially gasification-based processes employing gas turbines or fuel cells.
3) Biomass vehicular fuels
Analysis of advanced biomass fuels production and use, including both biological and
thermochemical conversion processes.
4) Co-product potential
Evaluation of potential co-products—including organic chemicals and fuels,
hydrogen, electricity, and/or animal feed—to improve economic returns and/or
5) Biomass resource sufficiency
Determination of land requirements for a range of biomass energy scenarios,
with consideration given to biomass productivity, conversion and
end-use efficiency, requirements for food and organic materials, and other factors.
6) Transition dynamics
Assessment of potential transition paths and timing for shifting toward
large-scale reliance on biomass energy, including identification and analysis of
factors affecting market penetration.
7) Policy options and evaluation
Identification and evaluation of potential policies aimed at accelerating the
rate of advancement and deployment of biomass conversion technologies.